Study Tips for Better Learning - Reference Documents
Ten Steps to Academic Success
- Set individual academic and personal goals.
- Choose courses carefully, especially during your first year.
- Know and use resources.
- Meet and get to know faculty.
- Learn actively.
- Manage your time well.
- Know and actively use reading skills.
- Develop strong listening and note-taking skills.
- Develop and improve your writing and speaking skills.
- Get involved in co-curricular activities; learn skills and gain experience.
Ten effective Study Skills
- Date all lecture notes.
- Write on only one side of the paper.
- Review your notes after class and fill in any missing information.
- Know what time of day is best for you to study.
- Complete all study guides.
- Don't cram- study a little every day.
- Find a place that suits your study needs. For example, this could mean a quiet room with music playing or background noise.
- Study for 30 minutes, then take a 3 minute break.
- Keep up with homework- getting behind is the fastest way to fail a course.
- Form a study group.
How to Study & Concentrate
- When distracters are present, become intensely involved.
- Keep a pad of paper handy to jot down extraneous thoughts that cross your mind while studying; get them out of your mind and on paper.
- Set study goals before you begin each period of study (number of pages, number of problems, etc.)
- Design adequate rewards after specified goals are attained.
- Break up the content of study by mixing up subjects and building in variety and interest and removing boredom.
- Make the most of rest periods- do something quite different.
- Don't try to mix work and play.
- Start with short study periods and build to longer periods only as fast as you maintain concentration.
- If necessary, make a calendar of events to clear your mind of distractions.
- Realize that you won't lose friends, respect, or a "good time" just because you're studying... these will keep.
- Plan the length of your study period by the amount of material you have decided to cover, not by the clock. (Often the clock is one of the most serious distracters.)
Ten Steps to Reduce Test Anxiety
- Prepare for the exam ahead of time. "Cramming" is a big culprit of test anxiety.
- Get plenty of rest and sleep the night before the exam.
- Don't forget to eat the day of the exam, preferably something nutritious.
- Avoid arriving too early or late to the exam.
- Avoid last-minute studying; remember that you are already prepared.
- Avoid listening to others or discussing the exam with others while you waiting for the exam. The anxiety of others can "rub off" and suddenly, you begin to doubt yourself.
- Don't forget to breathe! Take deep breaths to help you relax. Don't worry, nobody will notice!
- While you are taking deep breaths, replace any negative thoughts with positive thoughts. For example, you may find it useful to repeat positive statements to yourself such as the following: " I am relaxed," "I am prepared," or "I am a good student." Make up your own!
- Don't get bogged down and worry about questions you don't know; move on. Later, the answer may come to you or you may get clues from other exam questions.
- Reward yourself when you are finished with the exam.